Zaragoza Agreement

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to impose a certain condition as part of an agreement. The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) had only resulted in a temporary agreement. As soon as a passage through the American continent (through the strait that Ferdinand Magellan found in 1521) was discovered and an alternative sea route to the Spice Islands was made possible, another conflict arose between Portugal and Spain: the identification of the Antimeridian, the line on the other side of the world, corresponding to that established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. (1494) Agreement between Spain and Portugal on the sharing of the colonization rights of all countries outside Europe. Treaties are agreements between and between nations. Treaties have been used to end wars, settle land disputes, and even establish new countries. On February 10, 1525, Charles V`s younger sister, Catherine of Austria, married John III of Portugal, and on February 11, 1525, he married John III of Portugal. In March 1526, Charles V married King John`s sister, Isabella of Portugal. These crusader marriages strengthened relations between the two crowns and facilitated an agreement on the Moluccas. It was in the emperor`s interest to avoid conflicts so that he could focus on his European policy, and the Spaniards of the time did not know how to bring spices from the Moluccas to Europe by the Eastern route.

The Manila-Acapulco route was not established until 1565 by Andrés de Urdaneta. The Board of Directors met several times, in Badajoz and Elvas, without reaching an agreement. Geographical knowledge at the time was insufficient to accurately assign longitude, and each group chose maps or globes that showed that the islands were in their own hemisphere. [Note 3] John III and Charles V agreed not to send anyone to the Moluccas until they were built, in whose hemisphere they were located. The Treaty of Zaragoza (April 5, 1529) confirmed D. João III of Portugal in the victories of D. João II at Tordesillas: the interests of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor of the German nation, prevailed over those of D. Carlos I, Rey de-95-Castile. Charles, who was deeply involved in European wars and politics and, as always, desperately needed money, was wise to reduce his losses; and in the face of French piracy and threats against Brazil and Guinea, D. João was also ready to get along.

The most important provision of the contract was that a demarcation line was to be established from one pole to another, defined by the laying of 19° on a warehouse NE by E from the Moluccas; Beyond this line (which in real terms, of course unknown at the time, gave Portugal about 187° longitude compared to Spain`s 173°), the King of Castile was not to claim, trade or sail. There was a fallback clause that could hardly be considered anything other than a saving pro forma: if a future investigation were to reveal that the Moluccas were to the east of the true antimeridian of the Tordesillas lineage, the agreement would be null and void. In return, João III would immediately pay more than 350,000 ducats: an advance on his initial offer of 200,000, but a significant shortfall compared to the initial Castilian demand of 1,000,000. Technically, this was not, as it is sometimes called, a sale of rights, but a seizure. Probably no one has been deceived by this aspect; in Spain, the transaction was seen as an almost shameful capitulation. [22] Incidentally, this was the first European treaty on claims in the Pacific. Other problems concerning the imperial expansion of Spain and Portugal required an agreement. The agreement was arranged by the Treaty of Zaragoza in 1529, facilitated by charles V`s marriage to Isabella of Portugal, which strengthened relations between the two courts. The Treaty of Zaragoza stipulated that the eastern boundary between the two areas of Domain 297 was 1⁄2 miles (1,763 kilometers, 952 nautical miles)[Note 5] or 17° east of the Moluccas. [11] The treaty included a safeguard clause stipulating that the agreement would be annulled if the emperor wanted to revoke it at any time, with the Portuguese being reimbursed for the money they had to pay, and each nation “shall have the right and the action as it is now.” However, this never happened, as the emperor desperately needed Portuguese money to finance the League of Cognac`s war against his great rival Francis I of France. The historical region of Mesoamerica includes the present-day countries of northern Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize and central south Mexico. For thousands of years, this region has been populated by groups such as the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Maya, Toltecs and Aztecs.

Cultural features that define the area include the domestication of corn, beans, avocado and vanilla, as well as a common architectural style. Discover the rich cultures and life of these early civilizations. Sold or not Spanish, it was common sense: as Nowell points out, in ten years, fifteen ships had sailed Spaniards to the spice islands, old and new; Only one, del Canos Victoria, had returned home – and only by running the Portuguese glove illegally and dangerously around Cape Town.[23] The cost of blood and treasure was too high to take hold. Although despite Tomé Pires, the journey from Malacca (and even more so from Goa) could be long and dangerous, the logistical advantages were on Portugal`s side and were reinforced by a much more detailed and comprehensive knowledge of the countries and seas around the Moluccas and (no less important) the already existing network of trade and political relations. The fact that the Spaniards were able to set up such a bold front for so long, despite the extreme fragility of their channels of communication, was, like everything else, due to the extraordinary indiscipline and selfishness of the Portuguese leaders, who, with the exception of Antonio Galvão, paid little attention to the general interest of their king and their country. to be more concerned about personal prey. Between 1525 and 1528, Portugal sent several expeditions to the Moluccas region.[24] Gomes de Sequeira and Diogo da Rocha were sent by the governor of Ternate Jorge de Meneses to the Celebes (also visited by Simão de Abreu in 1523) and to the north. The members of the expedition were the first Europeans to reach the Caroline Islands, which they called the “Sequeira Islands”. [8] [Note 4] Explorers such as Martim Afonso de Melo (1522-24) and possibly Gomes de Sequeira (1526-1527) saw the Aru Islands and the Tanimbar Islands. In 1526, Jorge de Meneses reached northwestern Papua New Guinea, landed at Biak on the Schouten Islands, and sailed from there to Waigeo on the Bird`s Head Peninsula.[9] the Western Hemisphere, composed of America and its islands. Audio files, illustrations, photos and videos are credited under the multimedia object, with the exception of promotional images, which usually point to another page containing the media credit. The owner of the rights for the media is the named person or group.

All interactive elements of this page can only be read while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactive content. On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed on the Treaty of Tordesillas, which divided their spheres of influence into America`s “New World.” Díaz-Trechuelo, Lourdes. “El Tratado de Tordesillas y su proyección en el Pacífico”. Revista Española del Pacífico, No. 4, year 4 (January-December 1994). Also available online: Revisitia Española del Pacífico (accessed August 13, 2010). A group of nations, territories or other groups of people controlled by a single, more powerful authority.

But in the end, despite the boldness and perseverance of so many men, “the status of both countries in the Moluccas had returned to what it was before Magellan appeared at the Spanish court.” [25] Spain was indeed to successfully invade the Philippines via the new line; but it must have waited more than thirty years when the base in New Spain became stronger. .